1-2-2 退熱除煩 Herbs that Reduce Fever and Eliminate Irritability

柴胡 Chai Hu

清熱涼血、退熱除煩。用於陰虛發熱,久熱不退,產後發熱,虛煩失眠。

淡豆鼓 Dan Dou Chi

淡豆鼓為豆科植物大豆 (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) 的成熟種子經蒸罨加工發酵而成。
【性味歸經】
辛、甘、微苦,寒。歸肺、胃經。
【功效】
解表,除煩。
【主治】
用於感冒頭痛。本品辛散輕浮,能疏散表邪,且發汗解表之力頗為平穩,無論風寒風熱表證皆可應用,用治外感風熱,溫病初起,發熱惡寒頭痛,常與銀花、連翹、薄荷等同用,如銀翹散;若為風寒感冒,常配蔥白、桔梗等同用,如蔥豉桔梗湯。
用於胸中煩悶,虛煩不眠。本品既能透散外邪,又能宣散邪熱,故常與清熱除煩的梔子同用,治療外感熱病,邪熱內鬱胸中,心中懊煩,煩熱不眠,如梔子豉湯,然本品祇有宣散之力,而無清熱之功。

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