6-1 化痰藥 Warm Herbs that Transform Cold-Phlegm

半夏 Ban Xia

天南星 Tian Nan Xiang

膽南星 Dan Nan Xiang

桔梗 Jie Geng

旋覆花 Xuan Fu Hua

白前 Bai Qian

白介子 Bai Jie Zi

(白附子) Bai Fu Zi

(皂角刺) Zao Jiao Ci

具有止咳化痰作用的藥物叫做止咳化痰藥。當呼吸系統疾病具有咳嗽、咳痰兩種癥狀時就應該選用止咳化痰的中藥或中成藥來進行治療。中醫上咳嗽有痰常分為寒痰和熱痰。
“寒痰”是指因感受寒冷之邪所引起的咳痰,痰色清白而稀薄,痰量較多,就要采取溫化寒痰的治療原則,選用具有溫熱性質的中藥如半夏、天南星等或通宣理肺丸(口服液)、小青龍顆粒等中成藥進行治療。
“熱痰”是指因感受火熱之邪所引起的咳痰,痰色黃而黏稠,不易咳出,就要采取清化熱痰的治療原則,適用具有寒涼性質的中藥如貝母、苦杏仁等或小兒肺熱咳喘口服液等中成藥進行治療。

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