五味有哪些

五味即辛、酸、甘、苦、咸。药物以味不同,作用便不相同。辛味能散能行,酸味能收能涩,甘味能补能缓,苦味能泻能燥,咸味能软坚润下。近人认为药物味的不同,与所含的化学成分有关。如辛味的多含挥发油,酸味的多含有机酸,甘味的多含醣类,味苦的则可能含生物碱、甙类或苦味质等。2灵枢经主要论述食入五味,各走其所喜的五脏,如酸味入肝、苦味入心、辛味入肺、甘味入脾、咸味入肾。日常所食的五谷、五果、五畜、五菜中都各具有五味所属。本文以五行生克规律,说明了五味与五脏疾病的关系,故名。

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