解表藥

凡能疏肌解表、促使發汗,用以發散表邪、解除表證的藥物,稱為解表藥,或發表藥。根據解表藥的藥性和主治差異,一般將其分為發散風寒藥和發散風熱藥兩類,又稱辛溫解表藥與辛涼解表藥。發散風寒藥多屬辛溫,故又名辛溫解表藥,適用於風寒表證,代表藥物有麻黃、桂枝、荊芥、防風等;發散風熱藥多屬辛涼,故又名辛涼解表藥,適用於風熱表證,代表藥物有柴胡、葛根、牛蒡子、薄荷、菊花等。

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